How To Help Kindergarten ELLs Succeed In Reading
English language learners (ELLs) in kindergarten face unique challenges in reading, which can make it difficult for them to succeed in an English-only classroom. These challenges are not only faced by the students, but also by their teachers who must find ways to help them succeed.
As a teacher, you play a crucial role in helping your ELL students develop their reading skills.
However, ELLs may face unique challenges in their reading development, such as learning a new alphabet, understanding complex phonics rules, and building vocabulary in a second language.
The Importance of Reading for Kindergarten ELLs
Reading is a fundamental skill that is essential for children’s growth and learning. For English Language Learners (ELLs), reading is particularly important as it plays a crucial role in language acquisition and academic success. There are several reasons why reading is so important for ELLs, including:
Reading is a Key Component of Language Acquisition
One of the most important reasons why reading is crucial for ELLs is that it is a key component of language acquisition. Reading helps ELLs to learn new vocabulary, grammar, and syntax, as well as the structure and conventions of the English language. As ELLs read, they are exposed to new words and phrases, which helps them to expand their vocabulary and improve their understanding of the language.
Reading Helps to Develop Critical Thinking Skills
Reading also helps to develop critical thinking skills, which are essential for academic success. As children read, they learn to analyze and interpret texts, make connections between different pieces of information, and form their own opinions. These skills help ELLs to understand and make sense of the world around them, which is important for their overall academic success.
Reading Helps to Build Vocabulary
Reading is also a powerful tool for building vocabulary, which is essential for academic success. As ELLs read, they are exposed to new words and phrases, which helps them to expand their vocabulary and improve their understanding of the language. The more words ELLs know, the more they will be able to understand and communicate in English, which is crucial for their academic success.
Reading is a Way to Learn the Conventions of the English Language
Reading is also a crucial way for ELLs to learn the conventions of the English language, including grammar, syntax, and punctuation. As ELLs read, they are exposed to the structure and organization of the English language, which helps them to develop a deeper understanding of the language and improve their writing skills.
Challenges Faced By Kindergarten ELLs
ELLs may face unique challenges in their reading development, such as learning a new alphabet, understanding complex phonics rules, and building vocabulary in a second language.
Challenge 1. Learning a New Alphabet
ELLs who are just starting to learn the English language may need to learn a new alphabet, which can be a challenge. They may need extra support as they learn the sounds and symbols of the English language and how to recognize and write the letters.
Challenge 2. Understanding Complex Phonics Rules
English has a complex system of phonics, with many different rules and exceptions. This can be confusing for ELLs who are learning to read in English, as they may need to learn multiple ways to represent the same sound.
Challenge 3. Building Vocabulary in a Second Language
ELLs may need to learn a large number of new words in order to comprehend texts and communicate in English. This can be especially challenging if the students’ first language does not have similar words or structures.
Challenge 4. Limited Prior Knowledge
ELLs may have limited prior knowledge about the concepts and content being taught in the classroom, which can make it harder for them to understand and learn new information.
Challenge 5. Struggling With Decoding and Fluency
ELLs may struggle with decoding words and reading with fluency, especially if they are just starting to learn the English language. They may need extra support and practice to build these skills.
Challenge 6. Difficulty with Comprehension
ELLs may have difficulty understanding the meaning of texts, especially if the language is complex or unfamiliar. They may need additional support and scaffolding to help them build comprehension skills.
The Role of the Teacher in Supporting Kindergarten ELLs in Reading
The role of a teacher for English Language Learner (ELL) students in kindergarten is multifaceted and crucial to the success of these students.
Role 1. Become A Supportive Figure
A key role is to provide support for ELL students as they learn to read and speak in English, which often requires a different approach than teaching native English speakers. This support can involve providing explicit and clear instruction, using multisensory techniques, using child-friendly language, and providing context for language. The teacher should also be patient and understanding, and provide extra help and guidance to ELLs when needed.
Role 2. Create A Safe and Inclusive Learning Environment
Another important role is to create a safe and inclusive learning environment for ELL students. This includes valuing and respecting the students’ different cultures and languages, and incorporating them into the curriculum. The teacher should also be aware of and sensitive to the unique challenges ELLs may face, such as feelings of isolation or frustration due to language barriers.
Role 3. Provide Effective Identification and Assessment
Moreover, the teacher should also be effective in identifying and assessing the specific needs of ELL students and providing differentiated instruction that meets those needs, this can be achieved through the use of assessment tools, scaffolding, and other strategies that can help students access the curriculum.
Role 4. Become An Advocate
Lastly, a teacher’s role also involves communicating and collaborating with families and other school staff, as well as providing support for students’ social and emotional development, which is important for overall academic success.
Supporting Kindergarten ELLs in Reading Development
Tip 1. Provide Explicit and Systematic Instruction
To support kindergarten ELLs in reading, teachers should use explicit and systematic instruction techniques, which involve teaching reading skills and strategies in a clear and organized manner. This may include using a variety of instructional approaches, such as whole-group, small-group, and individual instruction, to ensure that all students receive the support they need. By providing explicit and systematic instruction, teachers can help ELLs develop the skills and strategies they need to become proficient readers.
Tip 2. Use Appropriate Materials and Resources
Choose reading materials that are appropriate for the students’ language level and interests. It can also be helpful to use visual aids, such as pictures and graphic organizers, to help students understand the text.
Tip 3. Create a Supportive and Inclusive Learning Environment
Encourage kindergarten ELLs to participate in class discussions and activities, and provide additional support as needed. This may include using visual and kinesthetic aids, providing additional time for students to read and process the material, and offering extra help outside of class.
Tip 4. Encourage Independent Reading
Encourage ELLs to read on their own, both in and out of class. This can help them develop their reading skills and improve their vocabulary.
Tip 5. Include a Multisensory Component
Incorporating a multisensory component into your reading instruction can be particularly helpful for kindergarten ELLs. This can include using visual, auditory, and kinesthetic approaches to learning. For example, you might use manipulatives or other hands-on materials to help ELLs learn the sounds and symbols of the English language.
Tip 6. Provide Context for Language
Providing context for language can be especially helpful for ELLs, as it can help them understand the meaning and function of words and phrases in the context of a sentence or passage. This can include using real-life objects or pictures to illustrate new words or concepts, or providing background information about a topic before introducing new vocabulary. You can also provide context by reading stories or passages that relate to your ELLs’ interests or experiences. This can help to make the language more meaningful and engaging for them.
Total Physical Response (TPR) vs. Kinesthetic Motions for the Phonemes (KMPs)
Phonics in Motion’s KMPs (Kinesthetic Motions for the Phonemes) and Total Physical Response (TPR) can be used together to provide a comprehensive and engaging approach to teaching kindergarten ELLs.
KMPs are an essential component of Phonics in Motion that focuses on teaching the sounds of the English language using kinesthetic motions that mimic the articulation of the phoneme. By connecting the sound of a letter with a specific motion, students are able to make a deeper, more meaningful connection to the letter, which leads to better retention and faster reading progress. This approach is particularly useful for teaching beginning reading skills to ELLs, as it helps them to understand the sounds and symbols of the English language in a way that is natural to them.
TPR, on the other hand, is a method of teaching language that emphasizes the use of physical movements to help students learn new vocabulary and grammar. This approach is particularly useful for teaching ELLs, as it allows them to learn the new language in a way that is natural to them. By using physical movements to act out words and phrases, ELLs are able to understand the meaning and context of the language more easily, which helps to improve their speaking and listening skills.
When used together, KMPs and TPR can provide a comprehensive and engaging approach to teaching ELLs in kindergarten. KMPs focus on teaching the sounds and shapes of letters, while TPR focuses on teaching vocabulary and grammar. By combining these two methods, ELLs are able to learn the English language in a way that is both meaningful and engaging, which leads to better retention and faster progress.